Aging leads to the development of dark spots on the skin through a complex interaction of factors. With age, the production of essential components such as collagen and melanin in the skin gradually decreases. This process, combined with life-long exposure to ultraviolet (UVA and UVB) radiation, leads to irregular pigmentation and the formation of yellowish or dark spots.
In addition, age-related changes in cell turnover and repair processes in the skin contribute to the accumulation of melanin, leading to the appearance of these spots. While it is a natural process, understanding the underlying mechanisms gives us the ability to approach skin care with wisdom, kindness, and targeted treatments.
Are age spots dangerous?
Even though age spots usually do not pose a risk, it is worth going for regular dermatological examinations, especially after the age of 40. During these check-ups, your doctor will assess manually or with a device to make sure that you do not have bulging, irregularly shaped dark spots that could lead to melanoma.
Age spots mainly appear on the face and hands
Although age spots can form anywhere on the skin that has been exposed to sunlight for an extended period, they appear on the face and hands of most people over 40.
Fun fact: Drivers have been observed to burn more easily on one arm and this is also where their liver spots first appear in older age. This is because the arm closer to the side of the car is almost always in the sun, while the other arm is almost always in the shade.