Sunspots: What are they and how to remove them?

Date posted: 01. August, 2023

Reading time: 5 minutes

Sunspots are UV-induced skin imperfections often of a harmless nature. Discover their secrets and unlock the definitive guide to protect your skin from these unwelcome blemishes, empowering you with a radiant, even complexion.

Sunspots On Skin

Have you ever noticed that your skin shows more and more brownish-dark spots over time or even after a long vacation? Sunspots are patches on your skin that, unlike freckles, don't disappear and can grow larger over time.

In contrast, age spots, also called liver spots, are lighter, yellowish-brown pigment patches on the skin that typically appear continuously after the age of 50.

What are Sunspots?

Dark spots on the skin called sunspots, often referred to as solar lentigines, can develop at any age. These unharmful stains are the consequence of specific skin cells producing too much melanin, which darkens the skin in the affected area.

The face, which is particularly vulnerable to UV damage, is where sunspots most typically appear. These flat, brown dots can range in size, beginning larger than freckles and frequently getting bigger over time. Around 90% of Caucasians and Asians are affected by these environmentally-induced lentigines solares, which gradually get bigger and more numerous as we get older and are most common on sun-exposed regions including hands, shoulders, chest, face, and arms.


Sunspots most often develop on skin that’s often exposed to the sun, like your shoulders, neck, back, and on the backs of hands.


Melanin, a natural pigment that regulates the color of skin and hair, produces sunspots on the skin. The skin produces more melanin when exposed to UV radiation as a defense mechanism against harm, giving rise to a darker complexion or tan.

Sunspots are mostly caused by lifetime sun exposure, including synthetic UV radiation from tanning beds and nail paint lights. Sunspot susceptibility can be increased by factors including heredity, light hair and eye color, excessive tanning without protection, and a history of severe sunburns.

Certain chemicals and medications can further boost the growth of sunspots:

  • Tetracyclines
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Antimalarial treatments

Despite that sunspots are common and harmless, it is crucial to have them checked regularly by a dermatologist to make sure that they did not develop into melanoma or skin cancer.


If you experience too much sun exposure without adequate protection, they can develop at almost any age, but sunspots are most often seen on the skin after the age of 40.

How to Treat Sunspots & Prevent new ones from appearing?

If you want a truly effective solution and avoid cosmetic procedures that are often invasive, look no further than NIVEA's LUMINOUS630® range of products. The LUMINOUS630® product range is NIVEA’s breakthrough dark spot treatment that works with your skin for a luminous look.

To effectively safeguard against sun spots on the face, it is crucial to incorporate a daily routine of applying a high SPF facial cream, either in place of or over your regular moisturizer, even on cloudy or cooler days. Opting for a facial cream with a minimum SPF of 30 ensures optimal protection – use NIVEA LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Day Fluid with SPF50 for the best protection.

The LUMINOUS630® range is an exceptional line of products designed to visibly diminish the appearance of the most common types of dark spots and prevent forming new ones by helping to balance melanin production.



LUMINOUS630® operates at the cellular level, employing a dual action by lightening existing dark spots, diminishing their size, and simultaneously regulating new pigmentation to prevent the emergence of additional spots.

How do you use LUMINOUS630® Serum?

For an effective treatment of sunspots, incorporate the NIVEA LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Concentrated Serum into your daily facial routine. Apply the serum twice a day in the morning and evening and spread it evenly on your face. Use it in combination with the LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Day Fluid, the LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Eye Serum, and the LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Night Complexion Care.

Can pregnancy hormones cause skin problems?

Pregnancy and menopause can both result in hormonal imbalance. This may affect the melanin production in your skin and lead to dark spots. The NIVEA LUMINOUS630® range can help to prevent and treat these dark spots on the skin– it is safe to use during hormonal changes and pregnancy as well.


The NIVEA LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Day Fluid offers SPF50 sun protection against the harmful UVA and UVB rays of the sun.