Aging Dark Spots: How To Prevent Them?

Date posted: 01. August, 2023

Reading time: 5 minutes

The skin may develop dark spots over time, for which the usual suspect is aging. Although it is a natural condition, some people want to prevent dark spots on their faces so that their skin can stay youthful for a long time.

What Are Age Dark Spots?

Several types of spots can appear on the skin, including moles, freckles, and liver spots. Age spots are typically the latter, which are larger, flat, oval patches on the skin surfaces that are most exposed to sunlight - face, hands, shoulders, and arms.

As you grow older, you'll start seeing more of them. Each one is unique: telling your own, one-of-a-kind life story.

How Does Aging Cause Dark Spots?

Age is one of the key factors behind the formation of dark spots on the skin. In terms of the causes, there are two categories of age spots:

  • Age spots, also called lentigines seniles, are caused by the accumulation of a yellowish substance known as 'age pigment' or lipofuscin in the skin. This may result in patches of lighter discoloration appearing on the surface of the skin. While aging is considered the main cause, factors such as UV rays and oxidative stress can accelerate this process.
  • Sun spots are a result of a localized increase in the formation of melanin, which determines the color of your skin, hair, and eyes. Melanocytes create more melanin to shield the skin from damaging UV rays when our skin is exposed to the sun. This can lead to an accumulation of melanin in certain areas, causing darker spots that are often associated with sun damage or age.

Are age spots dangerous?

Age spots are harmless cosmetic phenomena that appear on the skin over time. However, regular checkups are very important to prevent melanoma. If you see irregularly shaped, dark, bulging, itchy, or bleeding spots on your skin, be sure to see a dermatologist.

Age spots mainly appear on the face and hands

One of the main causes of age spots is prolonged exposure to the sun, so the places where they appear on the skin tell the story of your life. The most common areas are the backs of the hands and the face, as these are the least covered. But your job, the sports you play, or even where you live and your cultural habits can influence where your age spots appear.

How To Prevent Dark Spots & Protect Your Youthful Skin?

At a younger age, until age spots have formed, prevention is key. Without protection from the sun's harmful rays, your skin can age several times faster than it should, which can lead to age spots developing sooner. Here are a few tips on how you can protect and preserve your youthful skin.

Use sun protection creams. The days of going outside without any sun protection are unfortunately over. High SPF creams are no longer just for sunbathing. Incorporate NIVEA LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Day Fluid (SPF50) into your skincare routine, and use it in the morning to protect your exposed skin from harmful rays all day long.

Use prevention serum. Supplement the day cream with NIVEA LUMINOUS630® Even Glow Concentrated Serum. This combination will help balance your new melanin production to prevent the formation of new dark spots on the skin.

Avoid excessive sun exposure. Depending on the climate of your location, avoid sun exposure during times of highest UV radiation. Always use sunscreen with the proper SPF. If possible, avoid solarium and artificial tanning beds, which can also contribute to the premature appearance of age spots.

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes dark spots as you age?

The accumulation of yellowish lipofuscin with age can lead to age spots. Excessive sun exposure can accelerate and intensify this process.

What do age spots look like?

Depending on the color of the skin, these are larger yellowish or darker spots , oval in shape, and do not protrude above the surface of the skin.

When do age spots start?

While age spots typically appear on the skin after the age of 50, over-exposure to the sun without protection can cause the first ones to appear as early as the age of 20.

How do I prevent age spots on my face?

Together with high SPF creams, moisturizers, and adequate physical sun protection, the Nivea LUMINOUS630® Routine range helps prevent the premature appearance of age spots on the face.